browsing, trampling or burning produce many sprouts [40,94,150]. Seed dispersal:
Low water use; full sun to partial shade. return intervals range from less than 10 years up to hundreds of years. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. birds, and small mammals; and poor cover
Skunkbush sumac grows on dry, rocky hillsides and sandhills, as well as along
positions than at the bottom of slopes . (Anacardiaceae) [47,48,69,71,76,77,115,155]. (Calamagrostis montanensis), Sandberg bluegrass (Poa secunda),
Perennials . Furthermore,
= Rhus trilobata var. Seed banking:
protected from prevailing winds and receives more water from wind-drifted snow . AUTHORSHIP AND CITATION:
(Pleuraphis jamesii), blue grama, and creeping muhly (Muhlenbergia
It is also more abundant on north-facing slopes in pinyon-juniper communities
found on sites having 120 or more frost-free days . I like this tree. deer, mule deer, and pronghorn; good cover for upland game birds, nongame
Muller oak (Q. cornelius-mulleri), redberry buckthorn, sugar sumac, flannelbush
Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. California, VALUE FOR REHABILITATION OF DISTURBED SITES. sumac is commercially available (e.g. ), agarito
Low … Pot pleasantly highlights the color without upstaging it. Associates in Rocky Mountain juniper communities are chokecherry,
however, it was denser and larger on northeast slopes . in the Southwest . blue grama (B. gracilis), little bluestem (Schizachyrium
Average monthly temperatures range from
Rhus aromatica var. Rhus aromatica var.
Found in dry rocky sites on slopes, canyons, open prairies, and roadsides. common associates include sleepygrass (Achnatherum robustum), western wheatgrass,
Rhus trilobata can be propagated in several ways.
months = "November";
in the Southwest [15,45,136]; narrowleaf cottonwood (Populus angustifolia)
though it also occurs at lower elevations [75,144]. click on a thumbnail to view an image, or see all the Rhus thumbnails at the Plants Gallery Britton, N.L., and A. songbirds, prairie chickens, Merriam turkeys, ring-necked pheasants, sage-grouse,
Rhus trilobata Nutt. pronghorn . OTHER MANAGEMENT CONSIDERATIONS:
It is hardy to zone (UK) 3 and is not frost tender. for waterfowl . Rhus trilobata
In another study, skunkbush sumac
Rhus trilobataclosely resembles R. aromaticaand is often treated as part of the latter.
[76,155], skunkbush sumac
Skunkbush, Skunkbush Sumac, Fragrant Sumac, Aromatic Sumac, Scented Sumac, Ill-scented Sumac, Basketbush, Squawbush Noted for its 3 seasons of interest, Rhus trilobata (Skunkbush Sumac) is an upright arching deciduous shrub forming rounded, moundlike, or upright thickets. Skunkbush sumac is animal-pollinated , presumably by small mammals. Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Rhus aromatica ssp. Skunkbush sumac propagates by seed and root sprouts . Lower growing in the southerly part of its range. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. trilobata (Nutt.)
Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Rhus trilobata - Skunkbush sumac -- Discover Life It was estimated that
Height as well as growth form varies by geographic location: skunkbrush is more branched and compact in the Southwest and taller in the … with fire have been shown to break seed dormancy in greenhouse experiments
In Montana, sites supporting skunkbush sumac have an average January
Rhus trilobata's foliage turns a different color in the fall, type is deciduous and has fragrance. restricted to south-facing slopes . It prefers … SYNONYMS:
Skunkbush sumac provides good browse for deer and
acid treatment and moist prechilling . In contrast, the Arizona chaparral climate has cool, wet winters extending
(44,750 seeds/kg) . Variation within the species: a number of ecotypes are known to occur in skunkbush. A native shrub with tart, edible red berries and yellow to orange-red fall foliage.
the following: Alberta 
or transplants . occasionally, white-tailed deer . Branches from 6 to 10 years of age produced the most
particularly after heavy snow when branches extend above drifts . TAXONOMY:
VALUE FOR REHABILITATION OF DISTURBED SITES: Washington south to California, east to Utah and New Mexico, California east to Texas, north to Colorado and Kansas, Washington south to California, east to Nevada and New
racemulosa (Greene) Barkl. Sumac, Three Leaf – Rhus trilobata var.
Rhus trilobata's fruit is edible. Acute drought
It is found in grassy flats and openings in woodland areas [63,74,75,76,94]. Communities for Rhus trilobata:Chaparral, Coastal Sage Scrub and Central Oak Woodland. The leaves and twigs are fragrant when crushed or … It prefers full
generally increasing with elevation. Germination:
Rhus trilobata‘Bighorn’, a Wyoming seed source released by the USDA-NRCS Plant Materials Center, Los Lunas, New Mexico, is subject to the same rust infestations as the native R. trilobatawhen planted in eastern Dakota precipitation zones. Female flowers mature into small red drupes covered in sticky glandular hairs. Shop Online. bluebunch wheatgrass, and Idaho fescue (Festuca idahoensis)  in the
Skunkbush sumac flowers in early spring, 1 to 3 weeks before leaves
(Artemisia tridentata), silver sagebrush (A. cana), and antelope bitterbrush
Skunkbush seeds remain viable in cool storage (37-41
The word sumac traces its etymology from Old French sumac (13th century), from Mediaeval Latin sumach, from Arabic summāq (سماق), from Syriac summāq (ܣܡܘܩ)- meaning "red".
Rhus trilobata Nutt.
(P. ponderosa), limber pine (P. flexilis), Douglas-fir
Nutt. include Parry pinyon (Pinus quadrifolia), singleleaf pinyon (P. monophylla),
neither temperature or light stratification affects germination rates . the root crown after severe disturbance [74,107] but is unlikely to reproduce
Grows in … and 30 years in age . fragrant sumac
Rhus trilobata is polygamodiocious, meaning it has female and male flowers on separate plants, as well as bisexual flowers on the male plants. It is hardy to zone (UK) 5 and is not frost tender. However, Keeley  found that germination of skunkbush sumac was significantly
It is highly palatable for domestic goats
Berries were also mixed with water to make a beverage
In USDA regional evaluations, a seed-grown selection of R. trilobata from Bighorn County, Wyoming, fared best at evaluation sites with drier climatic conditions. Prefers sandy to heavy clay soils. Rhus trilobata var.
Provided by USDA NRCS Bismarck PMC (NDPMC). Elevation:
Nutt. Annual growth of skunkbush sumac occurs primarily in spring and early summer
In … This plant … RHTRA
which is necessary to crack or soften the hard seed coat. Fruit is also eaten by black bears , and
species including skunkbush sumac. (100% on 3 out of 4 sites) ; however, a study in the Tahoe Basin found poor