CARLO CRIVELLI (1435- 1495) (tempera on panel). Greek painting in tempera has survived. A unique advantage of enamel paint is its ability to dry quickly when exposed to air. When dry it was coated with a gesso ground (a white chalk and animal glue based primer) which was scraped down to a glass smooth surface ready for painting. • The Avignon Although oil-based enamel paint takes a longer period to dry, it ends up with a harder finish. Andrei Rublev (c.1360-1430) (egg tempera on a wooden panel). • Christina's World (1948), tempera on panel, Museum of Modern the Forest (1470) Ashmolean Museum, Oxford. Detail from 'Idealized Portrait of a Lady', 1480 What are the advantages and disadvantages to tempera cakes? The final results are a lot smoother and almost near perfect with little sheen, depending on the oil content. Piero della Francesca (1420-92) Gouache is particularly suited to laying in large areas of solid color. Unlike oil paint, tempera cannot be applied too thickly, and thus lacks the deep colouration of oils. by a series of thin oil glazes. were prepared with layers of gesso (a mixture of size and chalk) to form See: For a list, see: Painting Glossary. I enjoy working on both sheets of paper and sketching in books with the same medium. (c.1411) Most people who look at this work for the first time will mistake it as an oil painting due to its dazzling array of spectrum colors and electrifying range of luminous tones. Among the greatest tempera panel painters of the Renaissance Painting (c.1400-90). art-history 0 Answers. In America the as well as the inevitable looting, not a single important example of Classical Unlike oil paint, it will not yellow, change in color, or grow transparent over time, and you never need to use toxic paint thinners or solvents. or milk). It is known as mostly cement tile instead of encaustic tile. 0 votes. • Virgin and Child (1426) National Gallery, London. blue tint C.) roughness Gouache is formed of pigment, gum arabic, and what other ingredient? Two colors can be blended by working wet on wet or by placing the colors next to each other and going over them with a damp brush once the paint is dry. Fresco (Italian for “fresh”) is a method of painting onto freshly laid? The paintings of Botticelli are distinguished by their elegant qualities of line and shape which find a natural means of expression in the medium of tempera. • Famous Tempera Paintings, Portrait of Ginevra d'Este (1434) Triptych (1333) Uffizi, Florence. Perugino (1450-1523) (egg tempera on a wooden panel). It dries rapidly, and when dry it produces a smooth matte finish. Venice. Others would mix oil with their egg yolk binder in a variation of the technique called 'tempera grassa' in an attempt to make their colors more vibrant. pigments, or oil paints which use oils, tempera employs an emulsion Advantages Acrylics are a favorite form of paint for many artists because of their ability to dry quickly, unlike oil paints, which can take several weeks to dry. 6 Unexpected Benefits of Exterior Painting | Angie's List . Madonna and Child (c.1300) Metropolitan Museum of Art. MICHELANGELO BUONARROTI (1475-1564) Its main disadvantage, however, was its quick drying time which made the smooth blending of tones very difficult. of water, egg yolks or whole eggs (occasionally with a little glue, honey School of Painting (c.1250-1550), Proto-Renaissance Gentile Bellini (1429-1507) asked Jul 18, 2016 in Art & Culture by Papelito. The pearls woven into her hairstyle are simply suggested with hatched lines and stippled dots of grey-blue and white. The resultant paint was carefully built up in thin layers and dried to a hard matt finish. • Virgin and Child with Saints (Madonna of the Otto) (1485) • Annunciation • What is Tempera of San Romano (1440), Uffizi; Louvre; National Gallery, London. (tempera on panel). Their centres are left transparent to pick up the local colors. Tempera is typically applied onto a prepared Art. Shahn (1898-1969) and the Op-art painter Bridget Riley (b.1931). Painting with various types of materials, such as lacquer, varnish, epoxy, and various types of latex is a good way to learn how to seal tempera paint on canvas.. With the right methods and materials it is possible to create beautiful paintings that are not only durable but also very long lasting. • Lamentation • Ecce Homo (1500) Musee-Jacquemart-Andre, Paris. Can be used on most (basically all) materials/surfaces. By Antonio Pisanello. Answer: c 0 votes. the deep colouration of oils. method of painting that superceded PAINTING TERMINOLOGY For a list, see: Painting Glossary. Meanwhile, tempera book painting flourished to darken or lose colour with age. Tempera (also called egg tempera) was a 3 Impacts of natural paint. Egg tempera. However, with the limited range of color pigments available for tempera and fresco, this traditional approach tended to reduce the luminosity of the colors in a painting. By Andrew Wyeth. His 'Madonna and Child' c.1480 is typical of his angular style which looks back to the influence of late Gothic art. In the past, clay was used as the source material to build encaustic tiles. Paolo Uccello (1397-1475) In the 15th century, Flemish artists experimented with combining the two types of paints, but it was not until the 17th century that pure oil paints became a more common art medium. Gouache is a flexible paint that can be thinned and used like watercolor or applied thickly to take advantage of its opaque properties. Tempera had a greater luminosity and depth of tone than fresco but less radiance and intensity than oil painting. PROS. It is not easy to achieve clean lines and full coverage, but a professional is well-trained and well-equipped to handle these issues. Domenico Ghirlandaio (1449-94) (oil and tempera on panel). Advantages of Tempera •Extremely durable •Pure and brilliant colors •Color did not become compromised by oxidation •Consistency and fluidity allowed for precision Disadvantages: •Dries quickly •Hard to rework •Can not provide subtle gradation of tone . Quick drying time (if work time needs to be extended water or a retarder can be mixed in) Easy to blend. She was the model for a number of Renaissance paintings, including several by Botticelli. The main disadvantage - apart from the time-consuming need to apply it in thin layers - is that tempera … Holy Trinity Icon Brush up on some unexpected painting and staining benefits. tradition was continued by American Scene painters like Thomas It is much easier than painting on dry plaster because paint sinks into dry plaster immediately. It created an opaque surface. Watercolors dry quickly which can be both an advantage and disadvantage. and the Die Neue • The Wilton paintings, listed chronologically by artist, which can be seen in some What are the Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Acrylic paints? (c.1440-1502), noted for his panels in the Volokolamsky monastery. Pieta (c.1454-6) Louvre, Paris. Tempera painting techniques seem to have techniques, see: Visual Arts Encyclopedia. The secco technique contrasts with the fresco technique, where the painting is executed on a layer of wet plaster. Certain 20th century painters also used tempera, including the Norwegian 4.1 Types of Natural Paints. How To Appreciate Paintings. Although Crivelli’s painting technique may appear limited in comparison with the graceful elegance and technical mastery of Botticelli or Michelangelo, his work embodies all the traditional characteristics that we expect in a tempera painting during the Renaissance. The Christ child holds the spiritual antidote to these in the form of a goldfinch, which is used in Renaissance art as a symbol of healing and redemption. • Old surface. Best answer. Oil paint has to be thinned with which type of liquid? SANDRO BOTTICELLI (1445-1510) Edvard Munch (1863-1944), the metaphysical artist Giorgio de Chirico (1888-1978) • Maesta As Russia was part of the Eastern Orthodox zone, icon What media was used to create this piece? Anonymous Tempera is a water-based painting medium made by blending egg yolks with water, or sometimes other materials such as glue. It was believed that the gold streak on its wings offered protection against the plague while the blood red spots on its face were obtained by removing the thorns from Christ's head at the crucifixion. • Battle What are some advantages and disadvantages of using Tempera? Watercolor paintings are an easy art, as far as the painting techniques with the paint brushes are concerned. It is often used to paint frescos and panels, and is popular because it is relatively inexpensive and dries quickly. attain the deep colour saturation Enguerrand Quarton (1410-66) CARLO CRIVELLI (1435- 1495) It is inexpensive and easy to learn. It's good for achieving sharp lines and precise details, and it does not darken with age. London. • Dormition of the Virgin (1392) Tretyakov Gallery, Moscow. (egg tempera on poplar panel). Pisanello (1394-1455) Since it takes longer for them to dry out, the paint in the tube is not going to dry out if you leave it open. Wood panel paintings, for instance, CARLO CRIVELLI (1435- 1495) and Dionysius Traditionally the artist would lighten a tone by adding white or darken it by adding brown or black. It was the standard method of panel Egg Tempera Painting: Egg tempera is a painting technique that has been used for centuries. Tempera on Wood. that oil paintings are able to manage. Advantages: They are one of the most popular paints in themarket today. • Pieta (1494-5) Uffizi, Florence. • Tempera Art in the 19th/20th Century Melchior Broederlam (c.1350-1411) After nearly four centuries of neglect, . need to apply it in thin layers - is that tempera paintings cannot usually The initial sketch was drawn in charcoal and stabilized with a watercolor ink. answered Jul 18, 2016 by DanishGirl . art - notably the Fayum (1482-3) Uffizi, Florence. Today, mostly cement is used. a smooth matte finish. • Origins The picture below is an example of the tempera technique on wood (by Niccolo Semiticolo, 1367… 'Madonna and Child', c.1480 Unlike oil paint, tempera cannot be applied too thickly, and thus lacks Painting on fresh plaster means that the artist can spread the paint much easier. Tempera Painting Acrylic paint for artists commonly comes in a tube, much like oil paint. Water soluble. . Detail from 'Madonna and Child', c.1480 Tempera needs a solid support as the use of a flexible surface such as paper or canvas would result in the cracking and flaking of the paint. LEONARDO DA VINCI (1452-1519) • St Job Altarpiece (1480) Galleria dell'Accademia, Venice. The graduated tone and form of her flesh is established by underpainting any shaded areas with terre verte, an earthy green color, and then delicately stippling over the surface with thin layers of white, yellow, pink and brown to form her perfect complexion. It is not a new technique. wooden panel. • Birth of Venus It did not create unique texture. But tempera paintings are very long lasting In his painting of 'The Musician' (thought to be either the French composer, Josquin des Préz, or Leonardo's friend, the singer Atalante Migliorotti) you can see the oily effect of this mixture in the unfinished painting of the vestments. Characteristics: Advantages. Any pigment which is tempered with a water soluble binder such as egg yolk, glair (egg white), gum arabic or animal glue is referred to as tempera paint. MAIN A-Z INDEX - A-Z of PAINTING. PAINTING TERMS When it comes to this type of painting, there are more advantages than there are disadvantages. Tempera painting was the main medium used for small scale paintings on wooden panels in Medieval and Early Renaissance art. superceded encaustic to become the principal medium for icon Andrew Wyeth (1917-2009) You also might not be well-aware of the preparation needed before painting. Ok, good. • The Prior to choosing marble facing in your home, let us consider all the advantages and disadvantages of this natural material. The legend of the goldfinch evolved from its colorful markings. school of icon painting; his pupil Andrei • Miracle of the True Cross (1500) Galleria dell'Accademia, The technique of tempera involved mixing egg yolk with ground color pigments to form an emulsion that could be thinned with water and applied with a brush. Tempera was also a popular medium It is a portrait of Simonetta Vespucci, a young noblewoman who was considered to be the most beautiful woman in Florence. • Dream of St Ursula (1495) Galleria dell'Accademia, Venice. What is a disadvantage of working with tempera paints One of the disadvantages from ARTS 1301 at Dallas County Community College the encaustic painting method, only to be This creates a more vibrant range of tones where the colors both retain their vitality and act successfully as a vehicle for defining form. © visual-arts-cork.com. Here, the tempera method gradually painting (in both encaustic and tempera) spread to Kiev, Novgorod and Advantages, Disadvantages. Tempera is a low-grade paint and is very thin; oil painting is thicker, which makes it better for a variety of styles. It is not a spontaneous medium and requires a methodical and craftsman-like approach to the preparation and the process of painting. painters of the early 15th century, while Italian artists continued Louvre, Paris. Renaissance period at the start of the sixteenth century. MICHELANGELO BUONARROTI (1475-1564) name stems from the Latin word temperare, meaning 'to mix in proportion'. transparency B.) What are the advantages of paint? Renaissance, painted mostly in oils. the Greek (c.1340-1410), the Constantinople artist who founded the The animal and still life attributes that decorate Crivelli's 'Madonna and Child' symbolize the sacred and the profane natures of man. Our detail from his 'Idealized Portrait of a Lady' illustrates the outstanding quality of his tempera technique. Whether you want to diversify and expand on what you already use or want to find an ideal paint for a beginner, knowing more about this paint can help you decide whether you want to try it. It is, in fact, an example of ‘cangiantismo’, a technique that Michelangelo used to disguise the tone and color limitations of both tempera and fresco painting. This radiant vitality is not something that you immediately associate with tempera painting. Rublev (c.1360-1430), arguably the most famous of all Russian iconographers; Advantages and disadvantages of fresco painting Fresco is a very good way of painting pictures on walls. The soft luminous qualities of tempera color were built up by painting flat areas of local color on which semi-transparent layers of paint were stippled and hatched to create a blend of light and dark tones. This classic tempera technique, which is essentially drawing with color, is quite visible in our details from the painting. Disadvantages when painting your house by yourself. Encaustic painting involves melted? Detail from 'The Virgin and Child with Saints Dominic and Aurea', 1312-15 of the Roman Emperor Septimus Severus with his family, painted on a circular Giovanni Bellini (1430-1516) A.) itself replaced by oil painting. Can be worked in layers. You see, if you forget about your paints and you leave them open, then they are not going to dry out as fast as the other paints. Our detail from 'The Virgin and Child with Saints Dominic and Aurea', a triptych by Duccio di Buonninsegna, is a good example of this defect, but due to his superb drawing and brilliant composition, none of its tender emotion has been lost. (egg tempera on a poplar panel). or sketch) and built up slowly in a series of thin, transparent layers. DUCCIO DI BUONINSEGNA (1445-1510) Russian tradition, were: Theophanes What are the advantages of painting with egg tempera? Compared to tempera, oil paint can provide both increased capacity and when thinned, greater transparency. It dries rapidly, and when dry it produces painting in Europe between 1200 and 1500 - a period that witnessed Tempera All rights reserved. Egg tempera is a terrific medium with many advantages. If done right, the final product can be amazing. It has a slow drying time allowing artists to blend strokes of color and make changes during the painting. Why do you think the artist chose to use this media for this piece? February 17, 2020. Tempera Terms •Gesso - A combination of powdered chalk, plaster, and animal glue used as a ground in tempera. Tempera • Stroganoff They’re in the form of cakes and you use water and a brush with them (like the watercolors you’re used to), but the color is more opaque than watercolors. Cangiantismo is a technique for changing the tones of pigments in tempera and fresco painting without losing the saturation of their colors. of Christ (1460) Galleria Nazionale delle Marche, Urbino. • Portrait of Simonetta Vespucci (1482) Musee Conde, Chantilly. In his 'tondo' (a circular artwork) of the 'Holy Family with the infant Saint John the Baptist' commissioned by the Florentine merchant Agnolo Doni, he overcame every limitation of the medium to produce his greatest freestanding painting and one of the most important artworks of the Italian Renaissance. Art in the 19th/20th Century. Masaccio (1401-28) Novgorod • The Dijon Advantages: * Uses paper, not canvas. in High Renaissance In fact, it could take up to a couple of weeks for it to dry. medieval painting. tempera have been recorded in Egyptian • Characteristics: Advantages, Disadvantages Our detail from Crivelli's 'Madonna and Child' shows the edge of the panel which has been glued to a back-board to support it in its frame. Generally affordable. Man with a Young Boy (1490) Louvre, Paris. Tempera had a greater luminosity and depth of tone than fresco but less radiance and intensity than oil painting. Egg tempera is a terrific medium with many advantages. egg tempera; while Michelangelo (1475-1564) who worked during the High Moscow, where it was an important form of Russian Characteristics: (1904-99), the Social Realists Reginald Marsh (1898-1954) and Ben manuscripts. The luscious apples and the phallic cucumber represent temptation and lustful desire, while the fly is a symbol of decay, pestilence and death. 'Idealized Portrait of a Lady', 1480 By Andrei Rublev. church. Thus Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519) was Museum of Modern Art, New York. Here is a short list of celebrated tempera ENCYCLOPEDIA OF FINE ART If you look closely you just get a hint of the greenish terre verte shining through her translucent skin. The tray paints are easier to facilitate for beginners; but as you progress as an artist the vibrancy and fluidity of liquid watercolors will be a major advantage. Detail from 'Madonna and Child', c.1480 3.1 Advantages; 3.2 Disadvantages; 4 Products and recipes. Diptych (1399) National Gallery, London. over the Dead Christ (c.1470-80) Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan. Hart Benton (1889-1975) and Andrew • For more about tempera painting Characteristics: Advantages, Disadvantages, Novgorod It is water-based, non-toxic (depending on which pigments you use) and permanent. painting. Simone Martini (1284-1344) (egg tempera on a wooden panel). If the pigments are mixed with lime water or lime milk and applied to a dry plaster the technique is called lime secco painting. The result is the walls remain beautiful for a long time, and there is no fear of cracked or peeled off walls. Christina's World (1948) Liquid colors are more suitable for mixing larger amounts of paint. The use of tempera declined first among Flemish 6.1 Cost; 6.2 Availability; 6.3 Time; 6.4 Color and Consistency; 7 Advantages of Natural Paint. Tempera is a very exacting technique to master. c. It takes a longer time to dry. Encaustic cement tile has an increasing popularity these days due its unlimited pattern options. A slow drying time which made the smooth blending of tones very difficult tempera dries rapidly, and glue... Delle Marche, Urbino the outstanding quality of his angular style which looks back to preparation. Of Art blending and reworking are difficult because tempera dries rapidly, and the profane natures of Man disadvantage! And requires a methodical and craftsman-like approach to the influence of late Gothic Art increased advantages and disadvantages of tempera painting... ) National Gallery, London you look closely you just get a hint the! Leonardo DA VINCI ( 1452-1519 ) 'The Musician ', advantages and disadvantages of tempera painting ( egg tempera on panel.! Form the Binder for his pigments ) 'Idealized Portrait of Ginevra d'Este ( 1434 ),! Romano ( 1440 ), tempera would be applied too thickly, and animal glue, usually made boiling... Portrait, she has dressed up as a nymph from Classical mythology tempera ; casein... Adding white or darken it by adding brown or black a hint the..., let us consider all the advantages of natural paint a methodical and craftsman-like to. Too thickly, and blending and reworking are difficult because tempera dries rapidly used most! ) Pinacoteca di Brera, Milan in Florence a technique for changing the tones pigments. Gum arabic, and when dry it produces a smooth matte finish painting Terms a. The chalky colors that distinguish a tempera painting was the main medium used during the Early for! She has dressed up as a vehicle for defining form on poplar panel ) of Art which back. Might not be applied too thickly, and the process of painting egg... The pigments are mixed with lime water or lime milk and applied to a watercolor ink the tones of in! St Job Altarpiece ( 1394-99 ) Museum of Art sheen, depending which... Egg tempera painting techniques seem advantages and disadvantages of tempera painting have originated in Antiquity to use this media for this Portrait she! Popular paints in themarket today 1435-95 ) • Pieta ( 1494-5 ),... Stroganoff Madonna and Child ', c.1480 ( egg tempera on a poplar panel.. Lighten a tone by adding white or darken it by adding brown black! On paper noblewoman who was considered to be extended water or lime milk and applied to a ink! Fresco but less radiance and intensity than oil painting right, the results. • Miracle of the most popular paints in themarket today of regular tempera paints on paper Museum. Museum, Oxford ( 1486 ) National Gallery, Moscow tempera can not be well-aware the... Technique contrasts with the paint much easier than painting on fresh plaster means that artist..., Mass ( 1500 ) Galleria dell'Accademia, Venice from boiling the skins bones! As a ground in tempera translucent skin up in thin layers and dried to watercolor... •Gesso - a combination of both tempera advantages and disadvantages of tempera painting oil painting is thicker, is... Possible to dilute these paints with water use of graceful lines, gentle tones and a palette... Homo ( 1500 ) Galleria dell'Accademia, Venice 1435-95 ) was an of..., there are more suitable for mixing larger amounts of paint do n't to... Painting to a dry plaster because paint sinks into dry plaster because paint sinks into dry plaster because paint into! Arts Encyclopedia when dry it produces a smooth matte finish lime water or lime milk applied... Advantages: They are one of the 16th century, tempera can not be well-aware of greenish! Pigment, gum arabic, and thus lacks the deep colouration of oils blend strokes of color and changes. Techniques seem to have originated in Antiquity instead of encaustic tile very thin ; oil painting 803. Including several by BOTTICELLI paintings are an easy Art, New York but a is... The resultant paint was carefully built up in thin layers and dried a! Simone Martini ( 1284-1344 ) • holy Trinity Icon ( c.1411 ) by Andrei Rublev technique suited to the of. Typically, tempera on a rigid surface, such as a vehicle for form...: advantages, disadvantages, Novgorod school of Icon painting, there are disadvantages harder finish used. Delicate colors ( 1475-1564 ) Example of 'Cangiantismo ' from the Latin word temperare, 'to... 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And well-equipped to handle these issues with Saints ( Madonna of the Otto ) ( )... Ends up with a watercolor ink della Francesca ( 1420-92 ) • Virgin Child. Is often used to paint frescos and panels, and is very ;!, Milan pigments in tempera and oil Jul 18, 2016 in Art & Culture by Papelito relatively and. In High Renaissance painting for artists commonly comes in a tube, like! Applied too thickly, and thus lacks the deep colouration of oils ( 1394-1455 ) • Job. True Cross ( 1500 ) Galleria dell'Accademia, Venice the artist chose to use a combination of both and... Paint ; 6 disadvantages of using tempera: painting Glossary it has a slow drying time is an. Mixed with lime water or a retarder can be used on most ( basically all ) materials/surfaces also Ireland! Of Art 15th century, tempera can not be applied too thickly, and animal glue used the... ( 1450-1523 ) • St Job Altarpiece ( 1394-99 ) Museum of Art blending of tones very.! Other ingredient ' illustrates the outstanding quality of his tempera technique delicate colors 1401-28 ) • Pieta ( )! Regular tempera paints on paper 1430-1516 ) • Old Man with a watercolor ink ) Metropolitan of! A lot smoother and almost near perfect with little sheen, depending the! An easy Art, as far as the painting oil to form the Binder for his pigments Metropolitan. • Dormition of the preparation needed before painting although oil-based enamel paint takes a longer period dry! Technique, where the colors both retain their vitality and act successfully as a wooden )! Word temperare, meaning 'to mix in proportion ' it was not uncommon in High Renaissance for... Musee-Jacquemart-Andre, Paris small scale paintings on wooden panels in Medieval and Early Renaissance smaller. And Consistency ; 7 advantages of painting with egg tempera on a wooden panel constructed from several planks, commonly. Poplar panel ) period, until eclipsed by the New technique of oil painting is executed on wooden! And a limited palette of delicate colors typical of his tempera technique, where the techniques! Profane natures of Man that you immediately associate with tempera painting was a wooden panel.... And thus lacks the deep colouration of oils a Lady ' illustrates the outstanding quality his! Was drawn in charcoal and stabilized with a Young Boy ( 1490 ) Louvre, Paris when... ( basically all ) materials/surfaces and bones of rabbits fresco and oil.! This type of paint do n't have to worry about it dripping and ruining the floor by... Such as glue Andrei Rublev 1475-1564 ) Example of 'Cangiantismo ' from the painting and than. Chose to use this media for this Portrait, she has dressed up as a vehicle for defining form 5.5. A hard matt finish encaustic tile a water-based painting medium made by blending egg yolks with water 1333 Uffizi... ( 1399 ) National Gallery, London the final results are a lot smoother and advantages and disadvantages of tempera painting near with. 'S good for achieving sharp lines and stippled dots of grey-blue and.! • Stroganoff Madonna and Child ' c.1480 is typical of his angular which! That you immediately associate with tempera painting approach to the influence of late Gothic Art be amazing one the... With lime water or lime milk and applied to a hard matt finish 1445-1510 ) 'Idealized Portrait of Vespucci. Classical mythology could take up to a level of skill in the past, was... However, its colors change during drying, and is very thin ; oil.. Flagellation of Christ ( 1460 ) Galleria dell'Accademia, Venice ( 1434 ),. Fresco technique, where the painting used on most ( basically all ) materials/surfaces looks back to the preparation the. Work time needs to be extended water or a retarder can be both an advantage and disadvantage darken with.. Tempera book painting flourished also in Ireland ( C. 600 onwards ) decorate Crivelli 'Madonna. For centuries would use one part egg yolk mixed with one part egg yolk mixed with lime water or retarder. Boy ( 1490 ) Louvre, Paris would varnish the finished work to intensify the chalky colors that a! National Gallery, Moscow Consistency ; 7 advantages of painting with egg tempera, paint... 1486 ) National Gallery, London attributes that decorate Crivelli 's 'Madonna and Child ' 1480...