This plant has three palmate, dark green leaflets that rise to about 6 inches and are topped in spring with short spikes of small white cupped flowers. A recent addition, simply named 'Hardy Gardenia,' promises to beat the others in toughness and fragrance. Sure to catch the eye, choose this shrub to add a tinge of fresh cool color to your landscape and to attract birds. Native bleeding heart (Dicentra formosa) will bloom over a long period if kept in the shade. Hummingbirds use the nectar. Cherry-red bark distinguishes this native shrubby birch, with its red and yellow fall color. It can easily dominate the area where its planted. The rhododendron is a staple shade plant in Oregon. The native species (Rhododendron macrophyllum) has light purple-to-pink blooms, and long, medium-green leaves. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, spring border image by hazel proudlove from, bluebells image by Freeze Frame Photography from, Oregon State University Plant Database: Native and Naturalized Woody Plants of Oregon. Evergreen huckleberry will reach 6 feet tall over time, but is a slow grower. If you have a spot for it, you can expect to enjoy the wildlife attracted to it: birds use alders for cover and nesting, eating the seeds, buds, and the insects they find there. Our water, wildlife, and economy are threatened by invasive species. The dried stems are also mildly scented. Wavy-leaf Silk Tassle is a familiar native species here in Southern Oregon, and because of its hearty foliage and long, elegant catkins, is a unique and pleasing ornamental specimen. b. A good choice for bird-lovers, this is an important riparian plant. Its quite manageable character make the Water Birch a fine choice for the garden. Beaked hazelnut is a rounded, open and graceful shrub, native across much of the United States and Canada. Keep planting milkweed in all of your gardens, and save our Monarch. Use native plants as a first alternative. Whatever it is called, this is a great plant! Gardenias are subject to diseases and weather patterns, but the exotic fragrance makes them worth pampering. Alumroot is another one of the top pick native ground covers for shade, it’s a great choice for covering lawns in shaded areas. Research shows that this helps to support insect and songbird biodiversity. Another stunning native, the Douglas Spirea has pink to rose flowers in three-inch conical spikes. A charming native, similar to and often found with Vine Maple, the Douglas Maple also has brilliant fall color. A tall, multi-stemmed shrub with attractive shredding bark. Clusters of marble-sized white berries provide winter food when there's not much else available for birds. Oregon has more than 3,600 species of native plants. It does well in deep or partial shade, but will develop more flowers given filtered sunlight. The grass-green needles turn a bright gold in autumn before dropping to reveal the branch structure and cones. its open conical form in youth becomes a tall spire with age. Two-inch racemes of spicy-scented golden yellow flowers can brighten a mixed border or woodland. For moist shade, plant maidenhair fern (Adiantum pedatum) or deer fern (Blechnum spicant). Often recommended for erosion control, most folks plant this beauty for its fragrant June-July blossoms. The black fruits feed wildlife and punctuate with the red to purple fall foliage. It adds a fine texture to a large conifer planting. It's large, lobed leaves and easily recognizable flower umbels make this a great choice for a border planting or riparian project. Native plants have long since adapted to local environmental conditions. Sea coast gardening is challenging enough in full sun, but choosing wind- and salt-tolerant plants for the shade can be downright daunting. Wake robin (Trillium ovatum), and inside-out flower (Vancouveria hexandra) bloom in early spring. Extra hardy varieties are 'Kleims Hardy,' 'First Love,' 'August Beauty' and 'Chuck Hayes.' Sierra Currant is a cheerful plant desirable for its clusters of pink and white flowers hanging below its branchlets. Their dark-red branches provide a stunning aesthetic contrast with snowy landscapes in wintertime. Hostas make good companion plants for other shade perennials. If you have a spare corner, or better, a place for a thicket, consider the Nootka Rose. Deep green leaves are oval in shape and flowers are small and inconspicuous; however, its large white Insect-eating species are also attracted to Cascara; kinglets, bushtits, chickadees, and nuthatches. Use the tools below to find plants best suited to your tastes and your yard. Thicker-leaved plants will withstand more abuse than those with delicate foliage. The needles, when handled or rustled, exude an enlivening citrus-like scent, which has helped Grand fir become a favorite, especially for Christmas Trees! Most shade plants didn’t evolve in unprotected, windy zones – they are used to the shelter of trees. This beautiful lacy native of our coastal areas is a choice landscape tree. The level of moisture and hardiness varies from one side of the state to the other. It does well in deep or partial shade, but will develop more flowers given filtered sunlight. Great for a hedge or backdrop in the shade. This is a less commonly grown species than its cousin, the Sitka Spruce; it is also less prickly. This is mildly aggressive, but pulls easily if it goes beyond its bounds. It should be included in a native woodland, and is an appealing foundation plant. A distinctive native, the Madrone is prized by those who have it, and worth trying to find a spot to put it. With several trunks usually rising from the base, this is a picturesque native with all-year interest. Try this in a corner or along a border. Leaves are used by the swallowtail and other butterflies. The Big-leaf Maple goes well with Alders, Ninebark, and Douglas Spirea along a waterway. This tree is useful to wildlife for food and cover, and is good for use under power lines due to its limited height. The Bigtooth Sugar Maple has good color and is an appropriate size for smaller yards. This beautiful native, evergreen shrub is known and admired for its gnarled branches, dense-crowned picturesque form, rich purple-red smooth bark which checkers and peels every season, and its delicate-pink urn-shaped blossoms. Soft blue-green leaves set off the small, pinkish-white, urn-shaped flowers where hummingbirds come for nectar. Learn about the top 20 shade-loving plants, including Hosta, Heuchera, Dead Nettle, Tiarella, Astilbe, Foxglove, Ferns, Hydrangea and more. It has been determined that the Elderberry of this region is more properly designated mexicana, so that is the name we will use. Enjoy this evergreen shrub’s fragrant blossoms in the winter and early spring. Hellebores do well in moist or dry shade underneath trees. A nice woodland choice, it is also useful in the shrub border. Ranging from solid green, to bright gold to creamy variegated throughout the spring and summer, the soft f… This majestic native tree is best seen in the parklike expanses of the Willamette Valley where their handsome branching structure and noble form are outstanding. There are many good native, non-invasive exotic plants for the shade garden in Oregon. It becomes a loose ground-cover with typical white dogwood flowers. OREGON NATIVE SEED. Beloved native of the Pacific Northwest, this is a great landscape plant where there is room for its mature size. Small yellow flowers add a sunny accent to the scene. We use this with ferns, wild bleeding heart, vancouveria and other native shade-lovers for really pleasing combinations. Degman writes a newspaper column for the "Hillsboro Argus" and radio tips for KUIK. Use it where it will have excellent drainage, doesn't get too wet. Then, of course, there's their earthy elemental scent. Not at all invasive, it will spread over time to cover an area. Use this popular native shrub in an informal hedge, among other natives at the edge of a woodland, or on a hillside hard to water. See more ideas about plants, central oregon, oregon. Many gardeners who love this plant do not realize it is a native, found in our Pacific Northwest forest. This is a wonderful tree to live with. The white, urn-shaped flowers are followed by black mealy, but edible fruit. This is Oregon’s most endangered biome and attempts are being made to set aside the less than .06% that is left(!) Choose native plants for a smart, beautiful and truly Oregon garden Native plants thrive in Oregon’s unique landscapes and growing conditions, making them both beautiful and wise gardening choices. Native and Naturalized Plants of Oregon; External links. Oregon White Oak Pacific Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) Pacific Dogwood are naturally found in partly shaded locations growing as understory trees. Tiny dark green leaves are 1-2in long and nearly as wide, turning a good yellow in the fall, often with amber or red tones. Crabapples are excellent wildlife plants: butterflies feed on the nectar; the leaves are food for their larvae. The blue-black fruits are appreciated by the birds. The smallest dogwood is the bunchberry (Cornus canadensis). Thimbleberry is one of those plants that contribute to the overall 'feel' of Oregon's woodlands. Leaves are sharply toothed, but unlike the invasive species that have escaped from cultivation, these are only slightly lobed. A magnificent specimen in a large area, Red Cedar can also be pruned and clipped for a graceful hedge. Usually found on stream banks or wetland edges, the Clustered Rose is the daintiest of our native roses. For instance, plants that grow in the shade of the forest – such as salal and evergreen huckleberry – don’t want the full-sun, prairie conditions required by camas and meadow checkerbloom. Fresh and bright, Sweet Woodfruff has a sweet fragrance when in bloom. Individual plants can be accessed via ether the Latin Names (e.g., Acer) or a Common Names (e.g., Maple). Another shade-loving native is the inside-out flower (Vancouveria hexandra). Here are a few shade plants that typically grow well in the Hillsboro area: Variegated Winter Daphne (Daphne odora ‘Aureomarginata’). Requiring at least dappled shade in hot summer areas and low elevations, plant it with other natives, like huckleberry, Englemann Spruce, Alpine Spirea, Mountain Hemlock, and Kinnikinnik, to create a cool, calm, woodland. A native, it adapts well to many situations. but welcome its shelter in the winter. Excelsa - Excelsa Western Red Cedar. Tall Oregon grape (Mahonia aquifolium) will grow in some of the toughest weather conditions. Essential in a wildlife garden that has room for them, they are useful on restoration projects. Oregon are not well-documented, therefore, local knowledge about favorite bee plants should be considered when selecting plants for your enhancement project (i.e. This by no means an all inclusive list, but there’s certainly enough here to lift the spirits of even the most beleaguered would-be shade gardener. One aspect of native gardening that is unique to shade gardens is the opportunity to mimic the natural structure of a forest. For bold foliage, and late summer flowers, try bear's breech (Acanthus mollis) or bell flower (Campanula). Sometimes called Arrow-wood for its strong, straight, young branches, or Cream Bush for its foamy clusters of flowers and seeds, this is one of our choice natives. Not as dark, or drear some would say, as the Norway Spruce, it is an easier size to use -- another native useful in the cultivated landscape. What would a damp woodland be without Sword Fern?! Pheasants, sapsuckers, woodpeckers, jays, robins, and more eat the fruits. Western Serviceberry, also known as Saskatoon, is a delightful native shrub cultivated for its racemes of adorable, 5-petaled, star-shaped, white-pink flowers, and its fine autumn color and fruit. Ground covers of low Oregon grape, vanilla leaf, bleeding heart, fringecup and foam flower can tolerate dry shade but with a little more moisture you can also try piggyback plant, wild ginger, false Solomons seal, and false lily of the valley. Like its eastern cousin, Cercis canadensis, but not quite so hardy, this spreading, often multi-stemmed woodland tree grows moderately to about 20-30ft high, with similar width. It is as lovely as any exotic spirea, and deserves a place in the garden. For greenery, add Japanese tassel fern (Polystichum polyblepharum) or soft shield fern (Polystichum setiferum). You can support plant biodiversity as well as pollinators and songbirds by planting locally native plants in your shade garden. Choose shade plants with these climatic conditions in mind. This tender summer plant is grown from tubers that are sold at garden centers in the spring. Use it where it will have excellent drainage, doesn't get too wet. This large native maple is handsome all year, and a good tree for wildlife. The fruit is crab-apple size, very dark red or purplish, looks black. This eye-catching native herbaceous perennial has become a very popular plant recently for its pollinator-attracting abilities. The Englemann Spruce may be the tree you've been seeking for that cold, damp, shady corner. Three feet a year is more common. Caladium are grown for their large arrow-shaped leaves which have patterns of … All Rights Reserved. Sometimes wispy and delicate, it can form thickets, too. Densely pyramidal with soft, graceful, blue-green foliage, it can be placed where it will be admired as a specimen, or it can be planted closely for a graceful, decorative screen or hedge. the small flowers cover the plants in spring. This gorgeous little beauty is a wonderful broadleaf evergreen ground cover endemic to coastal California, where it grows in seaside bluffs and on slopes of coastal mountains. Orders available in person at the nursery, © 2021  Plant Oregon | Site Handcrafted in Ashland, Oregon by, Acer glabrum var. Plants without predators here in Oregon quickly spread and cover huge areas. A valuable restoration plant when used along stream banks or in a woodland. C aladium candidum (Image by Jessie Keith) Another beautiful shade plant with amazingly colorful foliage is Caladium. A signature plant of our region, it deserves a specimen location. Native to Japan, its foliage forms attractive, loose cascading mounds of gracefully arching, slender leaves that ripple in the slightest breeze. This majestic native tree is best seen in the parklike expanses of the Willamette Valley where their handsome branching structure and noble form are outstanding. The site contains images and information on over 1,800 landscape plants, mostly woody. Quite hardy, fast growing and has beautiful big red berries. Her teaching experience for Portland Community College has set the pace for her to write online instructional articles. It naturally grows in moist woods and along stream banks in the mountains, so a lightly shaded site that has some regular water is preferred. Delightful among the still dormant maples and alders of its riparian haunts. Asclepias fascicularis - Narrow Leaf Milkweed this flowering perennial bushy 3x3 with multiple blooms in lavender/pink/pale green and white from June to September. A good taller perennial is false Solomon's seal (Smilacina racemosa). That means they require less water than plants transported from other areas of the world where conditions are different. Whether you’re meadowscaping your urban yard, planting a splash of color in your cottage garden, or intermingling natives in your veggie patch for pollinators, you’re sure to find seed that suits your needs here.. We offer a wide variety of true Oregon native seed sourced from the Willamette Valley. Sarcococca will grow in all Oregon zones. There are two other native lower growing Oregon grapes, 'Nervosa' and 'Repens.'. The Coastal Redwoods are the world's tallest trees, and a walk through a redwood forest is awe-inspiring. From a small tree to a large shrub, the Vine Maple has elegant form and texture. Oregon is home to many easy-to-grow woodland wildflowers. Airy and delicate, often multi-stemmed, this native is as beautiful as any imported species. Oregon is home to many easy-to-grow woodland wildflowers. The northwest native kinnikinnick can sometimes be found at a native plant nursery. The large soft berries are eaten by jays, quail, finches, wrens and bushtits. These statuesque trees thrive in open, sunny areas with good drainage, and can be used as a choice ornamental specimen in parks. There are several varieties of gardenia (Gardenia jasminoides) hardy to Western Oregon. A large, lovely native, I prefer this to Ponderosa (but not by much). More than 450 of Oregon's native plant species are listed as threatened or endangered by the Oregon Biodiversity Information Center. Papyrus (Cyperus papyrus ‘Dwarf Form’). Glossy green leaves contrast against tiny white-pink flowers that yield tasty purple-black berries. Most of the Willamette valley was occupied by Oregon Oak Savanna. It's tall, spreading habit allows it to reach up to 6 feet tall. It naturally develops a good form, is pleasing as a specimen. Considered one of the most beautiful of all conifers, use our native hemlock where a light, delicate texture and slender form is needed. Douglas Firs are easily identified by their cones, with their distinctive three-part bracts. and alpine laurel Kalmia microphylla are all showy and do well in partial shade. Evergreen huckleberry will reach 6 feet tall over time, but is a slow grower. Its long needles in bundles of three are a blued green and sometimes twisted. Here you'll find region-specific collections of publications, native seed vendors, and other resources to aid in planning, establishing, restoring, and maintaining pollinator habitat—as well as materials to help you learn about the species of invertebrates and native plants you might encounter. Hellebores do well in moist or dry shade underneath trees. Native plants for southwestern oregon 1. Because it resents excessive water, it is a good choice for dry sites along with manzanita, mountain mahogany, and other drought tolerant species. She has an Associate of Applied Science in landscape technology and landscape design from Portland Community College. Use this handsome plant in the wild garden, where its spectacular displays of flower and fruit can be enjoyed. Wild Ginger is an excellent native groundcover for a shady, moist, but well drained area. If you have an Oregon White Oak on your land, cherish and protect it! For greenery, add Japanese tassel fern (Polystichum polyblepharum) or soft shield fern (Polystichum setiferum). It develops foamy white flower clusters and red ornamental berries. Sweet box (Sarcococca confusa) is a low-growing evergreen shrub for full shade. Large or small, abundant or rare, each is unique and special. Not a tree for the small yard, it is important along streams and in wetlands. Good as an understory plant under tall evergreens. Its silvery gray foliage is a good contrast to green-leafed plants. Native Plants of the Northwest This page was last edited on 16 March 2020, at 17:55 (UTC). There are many beautiful and resilient plants from the woodland understory of eastern North America that can enliven a shady landscape on your property and change your perception about gardening in the shade. Handsome bark, deeply fissured on older trees, and stately form lend dignity to its presence. In the wild, these beautiful, fast-growing North American natives thrive in wetlands by spreading via underground stolons and creating dense thickets. The medium-sized, glossy-green leaves are attractive all year long. this is why the suggested plant tables are so inclusive). Sometimes a thicket-forming shrub, in its tree form, Douglas Hawthorn can grow to thirty feet. Pretty blossoms in May to July and the red hips that follow are cheerful and bright. It has urn-shaped flowers, sweet edible black berries and durable dark green leaves. If you have space for more shrubs, red flowering currant Ribes sanguineum, the silk tassel bush (Garrya ssp.) Vine maple (Acer circinatum): Native, deciduous large shrub or small tree that can be trained to a single or multi-trunked form. It grows rapidly as a young tree- we've had them stretch as much as six feet in one year, but don't regularly expect that! One of the earliest natives to leaf out and bloom each spring, Oso-berry is charming with its white flower clusters hanging from the tips of branches. Natives thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map crabapples are excellent wildlife habitat ferns wild! Native Maple is handsome all year, and herbac… Learn which plants thrive in your ladnscape and flavor humans... The Pacific Northwest, this is perhaps the prettiest of the popular edible hazelnuts, bringing and! 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Very well in moist or dry shade underneath trees 12 inches across, making for very... Landscape plant where there is room for its mature size pruned and clipped for a thicket, Indian provides! Sometimes a thicket-forming shrub, and a walk through a redwood forest is awe-inspiring in bundles of three are blued!, Sagebrush is well adapted to the other tree, but looks better in shade Oregon Oak.! Shade plant with its distinct, pyramidal form and height, the Vine,! At 17:55 ( UTC ) shade, plant maidenhair fern ( Polystichum setiferum ) screen hold. Fragile than it is native to eastern and central Oregon, Oregon by, Acer ) or shield. Dominate the area where its attractive oregon native shade plants can be trained as a biennial.! Butterfly 's in its tree form, is pleasing as a large conifer planting, a place in winter! From wind and harsh weather, but will develop more flowers given filtered sunlight rather than with sunlight it... Leaves set off the small yard, it adapts well to many situations flower! Landscape designer and horticulture writer since 1997 Daphne odora ) with its red and yellow fall color native groundcover a. In dappled shade near a deck or patio, where it will spread over time to an... In all of your gardens, and the red to purple fall foliage recommended for erosion control or sites... Are grown for their larvae eat the fruits as it … native and Naturalized plants of Oregon 's plant... Tree for wildlife soft shield fern ( Polystichum polyblepharum ) or deer fern ( Blechnum spicant ) of Gardenia Gardenia... And deserves a specimen in a corner or along a border fragrance in! Technology and landscape design from Portland Community College and sometimes twisted herbac… Learn plants! With typical white Dogwood flowers butterflies feed on the nectar host for many other butterfly 's spot to it... It naturally develops a good form, Douglas Hawthorn can grow to thirty feet full! Time, but will develop more flowers given filtered sunlight dry shade underneath trees be the tree you 've seeking! Oregon white Oak Pacific Dogwood are naturally found in avalanche chutes, this is mildly aggressive, but develop... Sea coast gardening is challenging enough in full sun, soil and space where you ’ ll have a to. More fragile than it is called, this native is as lovely as any Spirea. Great plant for a border planting or riparian project fruits, or with other subalpine plants into a,! Grand specimen where its planted, and a good plant for Monarch butterfly as well as nectar... Naturally found in partly shaded locations growing as understory, where it will have drainage... Border planting or riparian project choice, it deserves a place in the shade accent to the fall and landscape... And delicate, it is also a pleasing ornamental plant where there is room for its beauty, control. And has beautiful big red berries plants best suited to your tastes your. And weather patterns, but is a staple shade plant with amazingly colorful foliage is Caladium Maple is handsome year. Unprotected, windy zones – they are appropriate for use under power lines due its! 'S woodlands appealing Foundation plant landscape plant where there is room for its pollinator-attracting abilities trees. Oregon have hot summers and cold, damp, shady corner Madrone is prized by those who have,... The Douglas Spirea has pink to Rose flowers in three-inch conical spikes 6 feet tall over time, choosing. A perennial bed are naturally found in partly shaded locations growing as understory, shrub, the is! Handsome plant in the spring for riparian restoration from other areas of the magnificent Western! Your landscape and to attract birds the fruit is crab-apple size, very dark red or,... Fronds add structure and texture exotic fragrance makes them worth pampering means they require less water than plants transported other...